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Phonics

At St Wilfrid’s we teach children to read and spell during daily phonics lessons using the program ‘Letters and Sounds’. The sounds are taught in an order that allows children to start reading whole words as soon as possible.

During phonics lesson the children learn:

  • A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in a word.
  • A grapheme is the letter or letters that represent the phoneme.
  • How to blend (synthesise) these sounds together to make words.
  • How to segment a word and apply their phonetical knowledge when spelling.

Click on the links below to watch Miss Parr's videos of the different phonemes in each phase and how they are pronounced.

Phase 2 - https://youtu.be/2W2B9TnnSlo

Phase 3 -  https://youtu.be/R_hgRGnUSVw

Phase 5 -  https://youtu.be/vR0YvFQlF_k

The ‘Letters and Sounds’ program is split into 6 phases. Each phase has a list of ‘tricky words’. These words are exceptions to the rules so the children have to be able to sight read them.

Phase 1

  • Listening to and for sounds.
  • Rhythm and rhyme
  • Alliteration

Phase 2

  • Sounds taught: s, a, t, p, I,n, m, d, g, o, c, k, ck, e, u, r ,h, b ,f ,ff ,l ,ll , ss
  • Tricky words: the, to, go, no.

Phase 3

  • Sounds taught: j, v, w ,x ,y, z, zz, qu
  • ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
  • Tricky words: no, go, I, the, to, he, she, we, me, be, was, my, you, they, her, all , are.

Phase 4

  • Recap all previous sounds.
  • little, one, they, all, are , do, when , out, what, my, her
  • Read and write words with initial and/or final blends: st, nd, mp, nt, nk, ft, sk, lt, lp, tr, dr, gr, cr, br, fr, bl, fl, gl, pl, cl,sl, sp, st, tw, sm, nch, shr, str, thr
  • Teach reading and spelling tricky words: said, so, he, we , me, be, have, like, some, come, was, you, were.

Phase 5

  • Learn new phoneme zh
  • Teach new graphemes for reading ay, ou , ie, ea , oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au, a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e, u-e
  • Teach reading words oh, their, people, Mr, Mrs, looked, called, asked, water, where, who, again, thought, through, work, mouse, many, laughed, because, different, any, eyes, friends, once, please.
  • Teach spelling words said, so, have, like, some, were, there, oh, their, people, Mr, Mrs, looked, called, asked.
  • Teach alternative spellings for ch, j, m, n, r, s, z, u, i, ear, ar, air, or, ur, oo, ai, ee, igh, oa, y/oo, oo, sh

Phase 6

  • Understand and apply suffixes – ed, ing, ful, est, er, ment, ness, en, s, es
  • Understand the rules for adding ing, ed, er, est, ful, ly, y
  • Investigate how adding suffixes and prefixes changes words
  • Introduce the past tense

By the end of reception, we would expect the children to have a secure understanding of all sounds up to and including phase 3.

By the end of Year 1, we would expect children to have a secure understanding of all sounds up to and including phase 5.

By the end of Year 2, we would expect children to have a secure knowledge of the sounds in all phase and be able to apply their knowledge effectively in their reading and their writing.

Each phonics lesson follows the same four-step format:

  1. Revisit and review- This allows the children to go over previous learning.
  2. Teach- The children learn a new sound or spelling rule.
  3. Practise- This gives the children the opportunity to write words with the sound or spelling rule in.
  4. Apply- This is when the children apply their learning by writing sentences.

Click on the link below to see Miss Parr delivering a Year 1 phonics lesson, this should help with the understanding of the 4 step format.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tjydCy5ZUV0

We would expect the children to be able to spell many/most common exception words for their year group. These are listed below.

Year 1 common exception words

the

of

his

go

our

push

a

says

has

school

once

pull

to

are

I

where

ask

full

today

is

no

love

friend

 

 

Year 2 common exception words

door

wild

every

father

improve

many

floor

climb

great

class

sure

clothes

poor

most

break

grass

sugar

busy

because

only

steak

pass

eye

people

find

both

pretty

plant

even

water

mind

old

beautiful

bath

should

again

kind

cold

after

path

would

half

behind

gold

fast

hour

who

money

child

hold

last

move

whole

parents

children

told

past

prove

any

Christmas

everybody

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year 1 Phonics Parents Meeting 2019

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